Picture of completed project

Picture of completed project

 

In this tutorial, we are going to teach you how to build your own portable noise sensor.Have you ever encountered  a situation where maybe you spoke a bit louder than what you should? Or maybe you made too much noise ? This is the solution you are looking for.

One of the main goals behind this is to be able to take the noise sensor anywhere you want, therefore, we will be using small and the least amount of components possible.

Arduino Pro Mini

 Arduino Pro Mini

 

The Arduino Pro Mini will be the brain for this small project, it will be receiving some data from the electret microphone and it will output a sound from the piezo buzzer that will be attached to it. We will also be using some LED lights that will indicate the status of our device, green being for on and red for activated.

Electret Microphone breakout board

Electret Microphone breakout board

 

This small breakout board couples a small electret microphone with a 100x Op-amp. This will amplify the sounds (voice, door knocks, etc) loud enough to be picked up by a microcontroller's Analog to Digital converter.The unit comes fully assembled as shown and works with 2.7V up to 5.5V. We won’t be taking advantage of all the properties of the microphone, we will be using it as a sound level sensor.

 

You won’t be using many materials, so here is a list of what you will need. 

Materials required for project

Materials required for project

 

Hardware

1 x Arduino or any microcontroller you prefer

2 x 220 Ohm resistor

1 x Piezo buzzer

1 x microphone

1 x 9V battery

1x 9v battery holder

2 x LED Lights(any color)

Wires and cables

Wiring and connections

This is the schematics that illustrates how the connection is made for our little device.

Schematics for the circuit of noise sensor circuit

Schematics for the circuit of noise sensor circuit

 

For this project, we are powering the Arduino with the RAW pin. From this pin, we can bias the microcontroller with up to 12 V, and the board will internally regulate the voltage and drop it, so you can use your board without any problem. Isn’t that neat?

After the power is out of the way we can focus on our microphone. This has 3 pins, one for the voltage that will be connected to the VCC pin (NOT ON RAW), the AUD pin will be connected to an analog input pin in the microcontroller, and the GND, well … it's connected to ground.

Next, the buzzer’s positive pin will be connected to a digital pin in the microcontroller, we will also include two led lights that will indicate the status of the device, each connected with a 220-ohm resistor to 2 different digital pins. Also remember that the negative legs of the components have to be connected to ground.   

The following Fritzing schematic will illustrate better how the whole circuit will look like in real life.

Fritzing schematics of noise sensor circuit

Fritzing schematics of noise sensor circuit

 

Programming

Connect the Arduino to the computer, using the A to B USB cable and open the Arduino IDE software.

Go to Tools > Serial Port and make sure you have selected the proper serial port.  (Ex. COM3)

Go to Tools > Board and make sure you have selected the Arduino Mega 2560 or any Arduino board you are using.

Now it's time to enter the code: You can copy the code I've developed below (feel free to play with and edit this code). If you prefer, go ahead and enter your own code. We acknowledge that there are several ways to achieve results with this project. If you have any suggestions or ideas please let us know in the comment section.

//www.jayconsystems.com

int mic = A2;   //Analog pin for the microphone
int LedPin = 8; //LED pin for the red light
int LedPin2=9; //LED pin for the red light
int speakerPin =4; //Pin that will connect to the buzzer

int sensorValue = 0;  //Initial value of mic without scale
int sensorValue2 = 0;  //Initial value of mic scaled

int noise = 150;  //Change this number to set the min value the mic has to read in order to turn the lights on 

void loop() {

int sensorValue = analogRead(mic);  //Read analog value from mic
sensorValue2 = map(sensorValue, 0, 1023, 0, 255);  //Scale down analog readings to have a value between 0 - 255 

//Serial.println(sensorValue2);//This is to print 
//delay(50); //modify this to change the rate of change of the value
 
 if(sensorValue2 >noise){  //Check if analog value is greater than threshold

 digitalWrite(LedPin2,LOW); //making the GREEN led off
 digitalWrite(LedPin,HIGH); //making the RED led on

//This is the pattern of tones I used 
//This will create 3 beeps 
//the tone function needs to be passed a Pin, a frequency and a duration
//which are the parameters that I am passing

 tone(speakerPin,500,20);
 delay(100);
 tone(speakerPin,300,30);
 delay(150);
 tone(speakerPin,100,45);
 delay(500);
  tone(speakerPin,500,20);
 delay(100);
 tone(speakerPin,300,30);
 delay(150);
 tone(speakerPin,100,45);
 delay(500);
  tone(speakerPin,500,20);
 delay(100);
 tone(speakerPin,300,30);
 delay(150);
 tone(speakerPin,100,45);
 delay(5000);
 }
 else 
 {
 digitalWrite(LedPin,LOW); //Make the RED led off
 digitalWrite(LedPin2,HIGH);//Make the GREEN led on
  }
 }



//www.jayconsystems.com

 Completed project side view angle

Completed project side view angle

 

Notes about the project

If you want to change the value of the noise level, I would recommend printing in the serial monitor the variable and to do a live test. For the serial communication, my microcontroller was set up for a 9600 baud rate in the code[Serial.begin(9600)], but in the serial monitor window, I had it set up to 19200 to be able to get proper, legible output readings. This might vary from computer and microcontroller.